A Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) is an electronic vehicle system that monitors tire pressure and alerts about tire deflation. The TPMS indicator is a yellow symbol on the dashboard instrument that warns about uneven tire pressure. It helps to improve the road safety and handling of the car.
There are two main types of TPMS sensors:
- Direct TPMS
- Indirect TPMS
Riding on low tire pressure is quite dangerous. Therefore, it is crucial to monitor the tire pressure at all times. You can easily install a based-cap tire pressure sensor at home. However, ensure that you have the following necessary equipment before you proceed with the installation:
- FRequired number of sensors for all the wheels
- Receiver unit
- Storage for old valve stem caps
- Anti-seize compound
Here are the steps you can follow and learn how to Fit a TPMS Sensor or install an indirect TPMS sensor.
Remove Valve Stem Caps
Release the air from the tire by removing the valve caps. Then mount the wheel on the tire-changing machine and break the bead. It must be on the opposite side of the sensor.
Check Tyre Pressure
The next step is to demount the tire to remove the sensor. Check the tire pressure and adjust it to the correct level of inflation to install the TPMS sensor.
Clean The Area
Take off the existing sensor and clean the area around the valve stem hole mounted in the wheel. Avoid using a lubricant or sealant because it can cause the stem to break.
Calibrate The TPMS
Make sure to calibrate the system by setting it to the required pressure for your vehicle. If the option is available, adjust the threshold at which the system will alert you.
Install The TPMS Sensor
It is easy to install a TPMS sensor if it is cap-based. First, mount the TPMS unit through the rim opening. Then place the stem and washer and tighten the nut. Push down on the sensor before securing it.
Moreover, make sure to avoid cross-threading the sensor. It causes the corrosion of valve stem threads. Also, avoid extra tightening as it won’t restrict leaks and will damage the nut and the valve stem.
Turn On The TPMS
Activate the system to verify that it receives the signal from each tire. If there is none, search through a troubleshooting procedure to spot the problem.
Re-Install The Tire
The final step is to re-install the tire. Ensure that there is no contact with the sensor to prevent damage.
The TPMS sensors can help avoid problems with your tires. These days, all cars must have TPMS sensors installed. However, you may face certain problems with the TPMS sensor if it malfunctions. To fix these issues, you will have to get in touch with professionals, who will have all the required tools and knowledge needed to assess and diagnose your problem.
This was all about How to Fit a TPMS Sensor and equipping new TPMS sensors in your vehicle. For more information on TPMS sensor replacement, stay tuned to the Porcsi news.